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TABLE 2

Body sites and possible parasites recovered (trophozoites, cysts, oocysts, spores, adults, larvae, eggs, amastigotes, and trypomastigotes) [1]

 

           

Site

Parasites

Blood

            Red cells

 

            White cells

 

            Buffy coat      

            Whole blood or plasma

 

            Bone marrow

 

 

Central nervous system

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cutaneous ulcers

 

 

Eyes

 

 

 

 

Intestinal tract

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liver and spleen

 

 

 

Lungs

 

 

Muscles

 

 

 

 

Skin

 

 

 

Urogenital system

 

Plasmodium spp.

Babesia spp.

Leishmania spp.

Toxoplasma gondii

All blood parasites

Trypanosoma spp.

Microfilariae

Leishmania spp.

Trypanosoma cruzi

Plasmodium spp.

Taenia solium (cysticerci)

Echinococcus spp.

Naegleria fowleri

Acanthamoeba and Hartmanella spp.

Balamuthia mandrillaris

Sappinia diploidea

Toxoplasma gondii

Microsporidia

Trypanosoma spp.

Baylisascaris procyonis

Toxocara spp.  (visceral larva migrans)

Leishmania spp.

Acanthamoeba spp.

Entamoeba histolytica

Acanthamoeba spp.

Toxoplasma gondii

Loa loa

Microsporidia

Toxocara spp. (ocular larva migrans)

Entamoeba histolytica

Entamoeba dispar

Entamoeba coli

Entamoeba hartmanni

Endolimax nana

Iodamoeba bütschlii

Blastocystis hominis

Giardia lamblia

Chilomastix mesnili

Dientamoeba fragilis

Pentatrichomonas hominis

Balantidium coli

Cryptosporidium spp.

Cyclospora cayetanensis

Cystoisospora belli

Enterocytozoon bieneusi

Encephalitozoon spp.

Ascaris lumbricoides

Enterobius vermicularis

Hookworm

Strongyloides stercoralis

Trichuris trichiura

Hymenolepis nana

Hymenolepis diminuta

Taenia saginata

Taenia solium

Diphyllobothrium latum

Clonorchis (Opisthorchis) sinensis

Paragonimus spp.

Schistosoma spp.

Fasciolopsis buski

Fasciola hepatica

Metagonimus yokogawai

Heterophyes heterophyes

Echinococcus spp.

Entamoeba histolytica

Leishmania spp.

Microsporidia

Cryptosporidium spp.[2]

Echinococcus spp.

Paragonimus spp.

Taenia solium (cysticerci)

Trichinella spp.

Onchocerca volvulus (nodules)

Trypanosoma cruzi

Microsporidia[3]

Leishmania spp.

Onchocerca volvulus

Microfilariae

Ancylostoma spp. (cutaneous larva migrans)

Trichomonas vaginalis

Schistosoma spp.

Microsporidia

Microfilariae

 

 



[1] This table does not include every possible parasite that could be found in a body site.  However, the most likely organisms have been listed.

[2] Disseminated in severely immunosuppressed individuals.

[3] The genera, Pleistophora and Trachipleistophora have been documented in muscles.